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Travel Tips

Travel Tips


The Union of Myanmar is 676577 Square Kilometers. It stretches for 932 Kilometers from east to west and 2051 Kilometers from north to south. The Union of Myanmar is geographically situated in Southeast Asia between latitudes 9 32’N and 28 31’N and longitudes 92 10’E and 101 11’E. Geographically, Myanmar is the largest country in South-East Asian Peninsula, sharing borders with Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.


Naypyidaw (New capital of Myanmar)                                                                                                 

Yangon (Business Capital City of Myanmar)                                                                                    

Mandalay (Capital of Upper Myanmar).


There are 60 million people in Myanmar.

Nationality Myanmar

There are altogether 135 groups of nationalities in Myanmar. The major races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakkine and Shan. Bamar is the majority 69% of the total population.


The official language is Myanmar which is spoken all over the country. English also is widely spoken and understood especially in the cities like Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan and so on.


Over 80% of the Myanmar people are Theravada Buddhism. There are also Christian, Muslims and Hindus. There is full freedom of worship for followers of other religious.


Myanmar has three Seasons; winter, summer and raining season. Winter Season is October to February with average temperatures 20-24 ˙C but except for some temperature might change. Summer Season is March to May with average temperatures 30-40  ˙C and Raining Season is June to September with average temperatures 25-35  ˙C.


Myanmar Standard time (MST) is 6:30 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT/UTC).

Office Hour

Government: 9:30am to 4:30pm Monday through Friday.


Public Holidays


January 4


Independence Day


February 12


Union Day

March 2


Peasant’s Day


March 2nd week

(depending on lunar calendar)


Full moon day of Tabaung


March 27


Armed Force Day


April 2nd week

(depending on lunar calendar)


Water Festival


April beginning of 3rd week

(depending on lunar calendar)


Myanmar New Year


May 1


World Workers Day


May 2nd week

(depending on lunar calendar)


Full moon day of Kason


July 2nd week

(depending on lunar calendar)


Full moon day of Waso


July 19


Martyrs Day


November 1st week

(depending on lunar calendar)


Full moon day of Thadingyut


November 3rd week or December 1st week

(depending on Lunar calendar)


National Day


December 1st week

(depending on lunar calendar)


Full moon day of Tazaungmone


December 25


Christmas Day



Visa Requirements

Visitors must have a valid passport with entry visa for Tourist to enter Myanmar. Entry visa for Tourist can be obtained at any Myanmar Embassy or consulate offices. Traveler who plan to arrive via Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore or Hong Kong can some time obtain their tourist Myanmar visa & within one working day. Myanmar Tourist visa are valid for stay of up to 28 days and able if necessary. Application forms in duplicate with three-passport six photos are to be submitted with a fee of US$ 20 in their respective currency. Visa on arrival can be arranged in advance with tour operator from Myanmar for your Thousand Smiles Travels & Tours.

Air Port Tax

Departure tax for International flights is US $ 10 per person, payable in US $.

Currency & Exchange

Myanmar currency is called kyat and came in notes of 10000, 5000, 1000, 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 5 and 1 kyat. All foreign currencies, it brings more then US $ 2000, may be declare at custom. Payment can be made in US $ for Trains, Flight, Hotels, some Big Restaurants and Entrance fees.


Many Hotels and Guest Houses are in Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan and Inle.

Drinking Water

Drink only mineral water with bottle, boiled water and green tea (Chinese Tea). Never try to drink tap water. Only bottled water is readily available and some Myanmar hotels provide complimentary. You can buy bottled water anywhere in Myanmar’s cities.


Myanmar main food is stream rice and curry. Some Myanmar curries are spicy. Chinese Restaurants and Indian Restaurants are every town in Myanmar. European food is available in most tourist centers and hotels. Eating at street stands is not recommended.


Myanmar arts & crafts, mostly, pure handmade are best souvenirs and prices are very reasonable. Lacquer ware, wood and ivory carvings tapestries, silverware, brassware, silk and cotton fabrics and shoulder bags are some of the favorite items. All gems and jewelries purchases should be made through a government authorized dealer who must issue an official receipt, which is required for export of such items. Myanmar ruby, sapphire, jade, and pearl are available at Myanmar gems shops.


Myanmar new year festival is called Thingyan Festival and known us Water Festival. Myanmar Water Festival is mid of April and hard to travel during water festival. Myanmar has many festivals throughout the year. For Traveler, the best Festivals are water Festival, PhaungDawOo Pagoda Festival, Kyaukse Elephant Dance Festival, Thadingyut Festival, Tazaungdine Festival, Hot Air Balloons & Fireworks Festival.


By Air to Myanmar

There are three International airports in Myanmar; Yangon, Naypyidaw, Mandalay. Apart from Yangon International airport, there are very hardly any International flights going in and out. Yangon has direct air links with Bangkok, Singapore, Doha, Vienna, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Calcutta, Chasing Mai, Dacca, Delhi, Kunming and Taipei.

There are some International airlines that fly to Yangon: The Myanmar Airways International (8M), Air China (CA), Air Mandalay (GT), Bangkok Airways (PG), Bimen Bangladesh Air lines (BG) Qatar Airways, China Eastern Airlines (MU), Indian Airlines limited (IC), Malaysia Airlines (MH), Mandarin Airlines (AE), Myanmar Airways Int’1 (8M), PB Air (9R), Phuket Air (9R), Silk Air (M1), Thai Airways Int’1 (TG) and Air Asia ( AK ).


Country Code is – 95. IDD Telephone & Fax facilities are available at most hotels in Myanmar. You can rent Mobile Phone with Internet connection at Yangon airport; you can use it between traveling in Myanmar.


Domestic Airlines are private airlines. Air Mandalay, Yangon Airways, Asia Wings, Air KBZ and Air Bagan flies between Yangon and Bagan (Nyaung U), Mandalay (Thada U), Heho (Inle/Taunggyi), Tachilik, Kyaing Tong, Thandwe (Ngapali) ,Sittwe (Mrauk U) and other famous tourist sites.

Many of Myanmar Railways destinations are open to foreign tourists. There are highway bus terminals, you can choice them. They are Private Air conditioned express coach are playing from Yangon to Bagan, Meikhtila, Pyay, Mandalay, Taunggyi, KyaikHtiYo, and other famous tourist sites. Mandalay-Bagan is plying by express double deck boats on a day trip.

Luxury boats take 2 days / 1 night trip to Bagan.


All travelers don’t forget to take the medicines that you are taking regularly because you may not find the identical brand easily here. There are several hospitals and clinics.


220 - 240 V, 50 Hz.


Cotton clothing is suitable for all year round. You would need a cardigan or Light Sweater for the cool season especially when visiting Shan State, Chin State and Kachin State in cool season. Please to be avoiding wearing shorts tank tops, sleeveless blouses or bra-less, T-shirt when visiting Pagodas and Temples. Footwear must be removed before entering temples and pagoda. So, sandals or slippers are convenient and suitable.

Suggested Items

Mosquito repellent and sunscreen are a must. Try to avoid going out in the middy sun when it’s very hot.